Cognitive Behavioural Therapy And Understanding It
The problem of treating addiction and mental illness, which can be a result of unhealthy thoughts and feelings can be addressed by cognitive-behavioural therapy.
In the 1960s Dr. Aaron T. Beck founded a type of mental health counselling known as Cognitive Behavioural Therapy.
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Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) addresses the problem areas of thoughts and behaviour resulting from drug addiction.
Today, cognitive behavioural therapy is widely used to treat addictions. Patients undergoing CBT treatment are taught to recognize the triggers in their minds, emotions, and behaviour that lead to them taking the drugs. This makes it easy to work on recovery.
Some addiction patients also have other issues concurrently occurring with the addiction problems like:
Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Loss of appetite
PTSD or Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
There are many rehab centres that provide CBT and you can find one near you today.
CBT recognizes that many behaviours and feeling are dangerous and make no sense. The nature of the place where a person is living and even their history may play a part in their behaviour.
The patients can easily get to know the thoughts that are turning them to drug abuse through the help of the therapists. A person's feelings play a very big part in the life of a person and their addiction. People start to use some of the rugs in an effort to cover up these thoughts.
Being able to isolate these feelings and emotions and recognize what brings them on empowers the addicted person to fight the addiction.
It has also been noticed that making an attempt to visit the painful memories it becomes possible for recovering addicts to reduce the pain which is caused by them. Once they can cope with the issues without freaking out, they are then taught how to cultivate healthy habits in place of the substances they were addicted to.
Treatment For Addiction And Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Whenever there is an addiction, there is usually another mental issue such as depression and anxiety disorders and these usually stem from automatic negative thoughts.
This clearly indicates that the automatic thoughts within the mind can make an individual susceptible to drug abuse and alcoholism as well.
Triggers are situations that can "trigger" cravings within the individual throughout the day and keep many people who could be addicted from improving to remain sober. Based on the National Institute on Drug Abuse, CBT employs three keys to help those battling addiction resist triggers.
Cbt Aids People In Overcoming Their Drug Addiction And Alcoholism By
Helping them dismiss misconceived notions and insecurities that have possibly led to substance abuse.
To improve moods, CBT can provide tools that the recovering user can employ on their own.
Teaching the individual effective skills at communicating.
The Skills Necessary For Managing Triggers
Know the things that create an urge to use drugs or alcohol.
Keep Away From Them (Avoid)
Try as much as possible to get away from these trigger situations.
The techniques of getting rid of these feeling you have learnt from CBT will come in handy in this place.
The techniques provided by the cognitive-behavioural therapists can be practiced beyond the office of the therapist. CBT patients can use the techniques at home, office or join a support group.
Some of the self-help exercises taught in support groups such as SMART - Self Management and Recovery Training incorporate certain aspects of CBT.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Practices
There are different practices that are used to overcome an addiction using CBT.
Some of these practices are:
Evaluation Of Thoughts
Recovering addicts are required to examine their automatic negative thoughts and to look for objective evidence either supporting or disproving the thoughts.
The patients make a list of advantages and disadvantages of keeping or discarding the thoughts.
The objective is to assist them to think in a balanced manner and critically evaluate their thoughts to feel constructive about themselves.
An example is "My supervisor thinks and worthless. For that, I need to use alcohol to get over this feeling "can be changed to " I accept my mistake and will rectify it next time. If I learn from my mistakes and heed my manager's advice, she will appreciate it. I don't need any alcohol to bolster my self-esteem."
By evaluating these thoughts, one gets to understand the better behaviours to follow.
It is well-known that some people respond better to self-kindness while others could display better responses to self-criticism.
The whole point of behavioural experiments is in finding out what works best for the particular individual.
For example, some people may drink less if they criticize themselves more while others may drink less if they encourage themselves more.
Imagery Based Exposure
This involves bringing up memories that cause highly negative feelings.
The person then carefully notes what they were seeing, hearing, feeling and thinking in that moment.
Regularly re-enacting that moment in their minds, the patient can deal with the pain and nervousness brought about by the memory.
Example: A difficult childhood memory is the focus of a young man's thoughts. He recollects every information and feeling during that time. The person will become less inclined to use drugs or alcohol because as they revisit the event more often, the trauma of the event is felt less.
The Schedule of Pleasant Activities
Enjoyable activities which can help break up regular routines can be learned by people simply by making a list of the healthy activities because the technique requires them to do so.
These are activities that are designed to elicit positive feelings and are usually easy to do.
Enlisting - and carrying out - these activities helps patients avoid negative automatic thoughts, so these people do not need to drink or take drugs for this purpose anymore.
Example: In the place of drinking or indulging in drugs while working, a worn-out financial advisor unwinds at his desk for quarter an hour daily. They may choose to use that time to listen to some music or read on something interesting.
The Difference Between Cognitive Behavioural Therapy And Other Psychotherapies
While others therapies may be less hands-on, Cognitive Behavioural Therapy provides an approach that is much more attentive.
Addicts in treatment are expected to go beyond just talking to the therapist during the CBT sitting and the therapist is not just a passive listener. The therapist and addict are instead expected to treat the addiction by working hand in hand.
Focused and quick treatment that is based on actions is what Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is all about. CBT has become a standard part of many long term rehab programs since they provide the patients with ways of coping.
Certain psychoanalytic methods may take many years before showing any tangible results. In most cases, 16 sessions of CBT will yield tangible results.
Cognitive behavioural therapy techniques are also very flexible, which makes them well usable for treatment both in a clinic and on outpatient basis, and CBT can be applied both during individual counselling and in groups. A lot of rehabilitation facilities and addiction therapists use CBT as a part of their treatment programs.