While the signs are noticed by the doctor and people around the addict, the symptoms are known to the addict alone. For instance, drowsiness might be a symptom while dilated pupils might be a sign.
Drug addiction - when an individual is dependent on a substance, like a drug, nicotine or alcohol, he/she is unable to manage his/her use of that substance. They keep taking it, despite the fact that it might bring about mischief (the individual could conceivably know about the potential damage).
Drug addiction makes the body have a strong desire for the substance. The person addicted may be willing to stop taking it, but they are not able on their own.
The symptoms and signs of drug addiction differ according to the person, the drug they are dependent to, their genetics (family history) and personal situations.
These are some of the possible signs and symptoms of alcohol addiction:
Unsuccessful attempts at stopping - the person taking the substance, like nicotine, alcohol, or other drugs, has made at least on serious try at stopping and was unable to.
Withdrawal symptoms - mental and physical reactions happen when the levels of the substance in the body drop below a certain level. There are urges, spells of moodiness, fits of rage, poor concentration, a feeling of being sad and empty, anger, resentment and frustration.
The person's appetite may suddenly go high. Withdrawal also comes with insomnia. Sometimes the individual may have constipation or diarrhoea. Depending on the substance, withdrawal might also cause violence, tremors, seizures, hallucinations, and sweating.
Dependency persists in spite of health issues awareness - the person continues to use the substance often, in spite of the fact that they have developed diseases associated with it. Example is a smoker not giving up smoking even when they have been diagnosed of a related heart or lung disease.
Social as well as recreational sacrifices - a few exercises are surrendered due to a dependence on something. For instance, a heavy drinker may reject an invitation to go outdoors or spend a day out on a boat if no alcohol is accessible, a smoker may choose not to join up with companions in a sans smoke bar or eatery.
Maintaining a good supply - even when there is no money, addicts will always ensure that they have enough quantity of the substance they are addicted to. They may ensure that this substance is made available by dipping into the budget of the entire home.
Risky behaviours (1) - users will take unnecessary risks to make sure they can get the substance, like stealing or trading sex for money or drugs.
Risky behaviours (2) - could also occur as a result of being under the influence, such as reckless driving.
Coping with issues - an addict often feels he/she requires his/her substance to cope with his/her issues.
Pre-occupation - A user exhausts himself and his time working out ways of obtaining the drug and figuring out how to use it.
Secrecy and solitude - the addict may resort to enjoying these substances in solitude in most cases.
Forswearing - a critical number of individuals who are dependent on a substance are trying to claim ignorance. They don't know (or decline to recognise) that they have an issue.
Overindulgence - With some substances like alcohol, some types of drugs and cigarettes, the addict may take too much at a go. The results of over-indulgence could be memory loss or physiological issues like respiratory infections or a chronic cough as experienced by chain smokers.
Dropping hobbies and activities - with time, the person may start shying away from those activities that makes him happy before. This may even be the situation with smokers who discover they can't physically adapt to participating in their most loved game.
Stashing the substance - an addict might hide small stocks of the substance in unlikely places, like around the house or in the car.
Binging - Taking a lot of the substance at the beginning. The addict will usually take a lot of the substance quickly so that they get the effect fast.
Legal problems - problems with the law occur more with drug and alcohol addictions. This can be because being on the substance impairs the user's judgement and they engage in risk taking behaviour or because the addict breaks the law to get a hold of the substance.
Money problems - if the drug is costly, the addicted person may neglect or cut down on other needs to afford it. Even cigarettes, which in a few nations, for example, the UK, parts of Europe and the UK cost over '11 for a pack of twenty; a 40-a-day smoker in such a territory should set aside '660 every month, almost '8,000 every year.
Relationship problems - alcohol and drug addicts often than not experience problems in their relationships.
Certain alcohol or substance abusers who aren't technically addicted might also be affected by or cause a few of the above-mentioned descriptions, though these abusers don't generally experience the withdrawal symptoms of addicts or the exact same obsession to use the substance.