That chronic health condition where people cannot control the way they search for and make use of drugs irrespective of the fact that this can damage their health and alter their mental state forever is called Drug addiction. These alterations in the brain can cause dangerous behaviour in a person who uses drugs. It's also easy to relapse back into drug addiction. Relapse is returning to a habit of drug use after a serious attempt to stop using.
Addiction starts when the decision to take drugs is first made. After some time, a man's capacity to pick not to do as such becomes compromised. Looking for and taking the drugs gets to be distinctly compulsive. The increased length of time that the person's brain relies on drugs to function is the cause of this. The parts of the brain that control reward and motivation, learning and memory, and self control are all significantly affected by addiction.
Dependency is an illness that affects behaviour and the brain.
Is Drug Addiction Treatable?
It isn't easy, but, yes, drug addiction is treatable. Since addiction is a chronic ailment, individuals can't just quit utilizing drugs for a couple days and be treated. For most patients, long term often repeated care is needed to help them stop using and continue on to get their lives back.
The addicts must be assisted to achieve certain things through the treatment for addiction, and they include:
Stopping to require using the drug
achieve more productivity in the society in general and in the family and workplace in particular
Essentials Of Successful Treatment
These principles must be involved, if any efficient treatment program must be arrived at, as opined by several scientific researches since mid-1970s:
Though a complex brain altering illness, drug dependency can be successfully treated.
There is no particular treatment that is fitting for all.
Treatment should be made available to people whenever they need it.
The entire needs of the patient, not only drug use issues, should be delivered by a good treatment plan.
It is extremely important to remain under treatment for a very long period of time.
The prevalently applied types of treatment include counselling and some other therapies that centre on behaviours.
A crucial part of treatment is medication, particularly when combined with behavioural therapy.
To make sure the user's most current requirements are met, there is a need for continuous evaluations and adjustments to the treatment regime.
Mental illnesses associated with drug dependency need to be treated too.
Medically assisted detoxification is just the very first step of the treatment.
Patients do not necessarily enrol for treatment by choice.
Medical personnel must supervise any medications taken during the rehab period.
Patients in treatment should be tested for a variety of infectious diseases, such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, and tuberculosis and also receive education about how to reduce the risk of getting thee illnesses.
How Drug Dependency Is Treated?
Different steps are involved in effective treatments:
detoxification (the procedure by which the body frees itself of a medication)
Therapy or counselling
medication for addictions to opioids, tobacco, or alcohol
assessment and treatment for co-happening psychological well-being issues, for example, depression and anxiety
lifelong follow-up in an attempt to prevent relapsing
A scope of care with a custom-made treatment program and follow-up choices can be pivotal for achievement.
Both medical and mental health treatment should be utilized as needed. Family or community based recovery support systems are some of the things involved in a follow-up care.
How Drug Addiction Treatment Incorporates Medications?
Medication can be employed to deal with withdrawal symptoms, treat co-occurring conditions and prevent a relapse.
Withdrawal Medicines help in decreasing withdrawal side effects amidst detoxification. Detoxing from the drug is not the only necessary treatment, merely the first step in the process. A patient who does not get any additional treatment after completing a detox generally continue their substance use. One research of treatment centres found that drugs were utilized as a part of just about 80 percent of detoxifications (SAMHSA, 2014).
Preventing A Relapse A patient can make use of medication to assist in re-establishing normal brain function and reducing cravings. There are medications for the treatment of addictions to alcohol, tobacco/nicotine, and opioids, such as heroin or prescription pain pills. Drugs that can counter the effects of enhancing (uppers) like (cocaine, crystal meth) and cannabis (marijuana) are being developed by scientists. A person who uses more than one substance, which is really typical, require treatment for every substance he/she uses.
How Are Behavioural Therapies Used To Treat Drug Addiction?
Patients are assisted by behavioural therapies to:
change his/her behaviour and attitude related to the substance use
develop life skills that are healthy
carry on with other kinds of treatment, like medication
A patient can get treatment in several different environments using different approaches.
Outpatient behavioural treatment incorporates a wide assortment of projects for patients who visit a behavioural health counsellor on a fixed schedule. The majority of the programmes incorporate group or one-to-one substance counselling or both these forms.
Different types of behavioural therapy are dished out by these programs, and they include:
cognitive-behavioural therapy, that assists a patient to identify, steer clear of, and deal with the circumstances in which he/she is most probable to resort to substances
Multidimensional family therapy, which is for teenage addicts and their families to understand all of the factors influencing the patterns of drug abuse and works on improving the family's ability to function
Motivational interviewing has been used to prepare a patient to accept their problem and wants to change their actions by seeking help
motivational incentives (contingency management), where abstinence from drugs is rewarded and motivated with positive reinforcements
sometimes, intensive treatments that involve several outpatient sessions every week is given at first. Subsequent to finishing escalated treatment, patients move to customary outpatient treatment, which meets less frequently and for decreased hours every week to help manage their recuperation.
Inpatient or private treatment can likewise be extremely compelling, particularly for those with more serious issues (including co-happening conditions). 24-hour planned and organised care system, coupled with proper medical care and safe housing are given in residential treatment facilities that are licensed. Private treatment offices may utilize an assortment of remedial methodologies and they are for the most part gone for helping the patient carry on a drug free and crime free way of life after treatment.
Cases of residential treatment settings include:
Therapeutic communities where patients are domiciled in a residence mostly for 6 to 12 months, undergoing programs that are streamlined. The whole group, including treatment staff and those in recuperation, approach as key specialists of progress, affecting the patient's states of mind, comprehension and practices related with drug utilisation.
Also available are short blood cleansing programmes offered at the residential facilities to rid the body of drugs and set the foundation for a longer treatment programme.
Recovery housing, which is normally an aftermath of inpatient or residential treatment, and where patients are given limited term housing under an expert watch. The recovery housing programme provides a bridge for the patients between the long term inpatient facility and re-joining the society; patients are helped to prepare for life on the outside by enabling them to look for jobs and learn how to take care and budget their money.
Coping With Joining The Community
The excessive urge to take drugs could be "triggered" by several factors within the brain, as the workings of the brain is altered by drug abuse. Patients at a residential rehab centre or a prison facility when undergoing treatment are taught how to tell what drives them to take drugs, how to avoid and also cope with those things once they re-join society.