Fentanyl is an opioid pain reliever that is 50 to 100 times more potent than morphine. Fentanyl is mostly employed to handle severe pain; pain after surgery or pain that has occurred from cancer treatment. The patients who have already built a tolerance to other pain medications are prescribed Fentanyl that is an extremely potent opioid. Fentanyl has a high potential for addiction due to its potency. More of the drug is required to reach the previous sensations once someone develops a tolerance to Fentanyl narcotic properties and he or she will depend on it to feel "normal".
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Many forms can be taken by the Fentanyl to fulfill patient's needs.
Following are the few brand names and forms for Fentanyl:
Actiq - This form of Fentanyl is administered under the tongue like a lollipop as it comes as a lozenge on a plastic stick.
Mainly applied to patients who are on other pain killers and at times in military applications.
Duragesic - It is a Fentanyl patch that was used first in 1990s.
Its effects can last for up to 3 days and it's prescribed to treat moderate to severe pain.
Sublimaze - Usually given in hospitals at times coupled with analgesics, it is the injectable preparation of Fentanyl.
Before and after surgeries, it can be used to manage pain.
Subsys - These come in the form of a sublingual spray which delivers immediate pain relief when placed under a patient's tongue.
The treatment of breakthrough cancer pain is its main effect.
Abstral - Also employed in patients who are tolerant to opioids but with breakthrough cancer pain, it is the fast dissolving form of Fentanyl that is put under the tongue to effect immediate relief of pain.
Lazanda - A form of Fentanyl nasal spray that is applied in the same way as the common nasal decongestant spray.
In cancer patients, it is predominantly used to treat pain.
Fentanyl blocks the pain receptors in the brain and increases the production of the happiness-inducing chemical dopamine. The Fentanyl street names include China girl, apache, China White, dance fever, crush and TNT.
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Effects Of Fentanyl Abuse
Despite the fact that it can be used on doctor's recommendation, people can become over dependent on the drug and use it to excess just as any other drug in that class.
When thinking about the potency and addictive potential of the drug it has caused the National Institute on Drug Abuse to produce a warning that a Fentanyl epidemic has the possibility of occurring.
Just like heroin, the drug Fentanyl can give users the same feelings like addiction to heroin when given the recommended dosage.
These are the side effects from being addicted to Fentanyl:
Inability to pass stool
Sickness and nausea
To those without a tolerance to opioids, Fentanyl abuse is dangerous. When someone without a tolerance abuses Fentanyl, the risk of overdose is multiplied.
The respiratory system can be depressed to the point of failure, leading to fatal overdose when Fentanyl is abused.
The destructive power of Fentanyl is increased when it is combined with other addictive substances such as cocaine and heroin. This drug can lead to the death of the addict regardless of the purpose of its use.
Central nervous system is affected to a significant degree through Fentanyl, causing a huge amount of dopamine to flood and chemically change the brain over time. Someone who has been prescribed Fentanyl might turn to illegal methods of getting the drug after finishing their prescribed amount and become dependent on it due to it neurochemical changes.
OPRs that include Fentanyl could rapidly move from being trivial drugs of abuse to one having a profound addiction.
Given that a number of people are not of the opinion that OPRs like Fentanyl have an inherent ability to cause an addiction like heroin or other street drugs, this creates room for accidental as well as intentional abuse. Problematic behaviour like building a habit or suffering withdrawal symptoms is completely understood by the healthcare professionals therefore they are able to quickly and efficiently able to make diagnostics.
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Treatment For A Fentanyl Addiction
It is unpleasant for those who want to overcome the addiction by doing it all by themselves, despite the fact that the process does not pose any threat to people's lives it still is not a good idea. Those who are addicted to Fentanyl mostly have a physical dependence to it, and the withdrawal symptoms could be quite painful. Specialized treatment programs are available for both inpatient and outpatient treatment of an addiction.
The severity of Fentanyl withdrawal might vary depending how much the drug is used and what form it is use in, withdrawal symptoms range from marked chills and irritability to restlessness and sweating.
Users are still vulnerable to potential relapse despite the typically non-lethal nature of Fentanyl withdrawal. The chances of going back to the drug will reduce and recovery will speed up if experienced doctors are present during the recovery process.
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The result of a Fentanyl addiction can be dangerous, but despite the hurdles, winning is possible. If you need someone to talk to, there are groups of people who are ready to listen to you. Begin breaking your addiction today.